How to Roast Coffee Beans: 5 Best Methods for Roasting Coffee Beans

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So here is the best guide on how to roast coffee beans. It will cover
everything related to the roasting of coffee beans. It is an easy to follow
guide which will explain different ways of doing this task.Roasting coffee
beans is not that much difficult task, it can be done easily by following some
methods. You may just need some instruments, tools or a machine. I will
explain various methods of roasting coffee beans today in this article. But
before moving further let me first cover some basics about coffee beans and
its use.
            You must refer to this article if you are interesting in knowing the
weight loss benefits of black coffee.


how to roast coffee beans, roasting coffee beans at home


What are Coffee Beans:

A coffee bean is basically a coffee seed which is used as the source for coffee.
It is actually the seed of the coffee plant which is crushed and roasted to make
coffee. Although the coffee beans are seeds, they are called beans because of
their similarity to beans. It is necessary to roast raw coffee beans so that they
can be used for making coffee. Raw or unroasted coffee beans are usually green
in colour and after roasting they turn to brownish in colour. Robusta and Arabica
are two famous varieties of the coffee plant. According to history, the first
coffee plants were found in Yemen and Ethiopia. You can read about coffee
beans here on Wikipedia.



how to roast coffee beans, roasting coffee beans at home



Uses of Coffee Beans[Roasted]:

  •  These are used for making coffee and other coffee flavours/recipes.
  •  Old Coffee beans are also used as a soil fixer and supplement.
  •  Coffee beans are also used for making beautiful products like soaps,  scrubs, lotions and balms.
  •  Coffee beans are also used as antioxidants.
  •  Coffee beans are used to combat odours.
  •  These are also as cleaning agents and stainers.
  •  Coffee beans are also used to repel pests.
how to roast coffee beans, roasting coffee beans at home



How to Roast Coffee Beans: Methods 

So here are the best methods to roast coffee beans at home:

Method 1: Roasting in a Frying Pan or Grill

Well, this is the most simple method to roast coffee beans at home or a factory.
It will not take much efforts or time to complete this task. All you need here is
a frying Pan/Grill, Gas Stove, Heater or any other cooking appliance. So here is
how you can roast coffee beans using a frying pan or grill:
  • First, gather all the needed items[ raw coffee beans, frying pan, any cooking or heating appliance]
  • Next, put the frying pan on the gas stove[ I will use gas stove here].
  • Now pour the coffee beans in the frying pan.
  • Then put the stove on full heat and continuously shake it with a big spoon. 
  • Continue to do it until the colour changes to brown and it is completely roasted.
  • That's all. You have done it.
        So this is the easy method of how to roast coffee beans in the oven.


how to roast coffee beans, roasting coffee beans at home

Method 2: Using an Oven for Roasting Process

Another method of roasting coffee beans is by using a Micro oven. This method
is much easier than first one. All you need to have is a micro oven and a
container in which you can keep those coffee beans for the purpose of roasting.
This process can sometimes lead to uneven roast because of the very little flow
of air.  Here is the step by step process of roasting coffee beans in an oven:
  • Gather all items for roasting process[ an oven, a plane pan, coffee bean].
  • Put the Oven on 232°Celsius.
  • Lay the beans straight on the pan.
  • Put the pan into the oven.
  • Let it roast for 15-20 minutes.
  • Now remove the pan from the oven.
  • Cool the pan containing roasted beans.
  • That's it. Now they are ready for use.
how to roast coffee beans, roasting coffee beans at home

how to roast coffee beans, roasting coffee beans at home

Method 3: Using an Air Roaster

In this method, we have to use a machine known as air roaster. Though
these roasters are much expensive, they work efficiently and effectively. It
has a glass container which allows us to check the condition of the beans being
roasted. Basically, hot air is blown in this appliance which actually helps to roast
the beans. Air roasters are also called as fluid bed roasters. Some of the popular
hot air roasters are Nesco Professional, Hearthware I-Roast 2 and Fresh 
Roast 8. 

STEPS:

  • Gather all the items- a hot air roaster, raw coffee beans
  • Simply put the beans into the roaster container.
  • Close the lid.
  • Wait, till the beans get roasted completely.
  • That's all. 
  • You roasted beans are ready.
how to roast coffee beans, roasting coffee beans at home

how to roast coffee beans, roasting coffee beans at home


Method 4: Using a Popcorn Machine

Another way of roasting coffee beans is by using a popcorn machine.
Popcorn machines are basically made for popcorn but can also be used
to get a perfect roast of coffee beans. It is a simple and easiest method
for roasting green coffee beans but some precautions need to be taken.

Precaution Tip: Better to use the machine near a window and all its safety
tips need to be followed.

Things we will Need:

  • A Popcorn Machine
  • Green Coffee Beans
  • Metal Colander for Cooling
  • A Wooden Spoon
  • An Airtight Container(optional)

STEPS:

  • Preheat the machine up to 30 seconds.
  • Pour approximately 1 1/2  cups of raw coffee beans into the machine.
  • Shake the beans using a wooden spoon for some time.
  • Close the lid.
  • Observe the change in beans[ in terms of colour]
  • Wait, till the beans get fully roasted.
  • Cool down the beans by placing them in the metal colander.
  • That's it. You have done it.
how to roast coffee beans, roasting coffee beans at home

how to roast coffee beans, roasting coffee beans at home

Method 5: Using a Coffee Machine

A Coffee machine can also be used for the purpose of roasting coffee beans.
Many people also use this method to roast coffee beans at home. This method
also consumes very less time. Coffee machines are simple to use and don't
require that much skills.

Things we will Need:

  • A Good Coffee Machine
  • Green Coffee Beans
  • Oven Mitts
  • Metal Colander for Cooling[ optional]

STEPS:

  • Turn on the Coffee Machine.
  • Put the green beans in it.
  • Observe the process till the colour changes to brown.
  • Listen to the cracks: First and Second.
  • Wait, till the beans get fully roasted.
  • Place the coffee beans in a metal colander for cooling.
  • Best to use roasted beans after 12 hours.
  • That's all. You're done...

how to roast coffee beans, roasting coffee beans at home

how to roast coffee beans, roasting coffee beans at home

Video #1: How to Roast Coffee Beans at Home

Here is the video of how to roast coffee beans in a pan:




Video #2: Roasting Green Coffee Beans with Flavor

So here is another video....




Wrapping it up:

So these were the 5 best methods by which you can roast coffee beans easily.
You can use any of the above methods to roast coffee beans with flavour at
home. Though roasting coffee beans in a pan is the easiest and cheapest
method but it is best recommended to use a popcorn machine. Using a micro
oven can also be a good choice. Rest all depends on the method you would like
to roast green coffee beans at home.
                                         It is suggested to store the roasted coffee beans
in an airtight container and use them after 12 hours for good taste. You can
then also grind those roasted beans in a coffee grinder. So, that was all about
roasting green or raw coffee beans at home by various techniques and methods.
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